How Resistance temperature detector works?
Post by JG
The most popular RTD is PT-100, Platinum 100 Ohms, As all Metals have a Temperature Coefficient of Resistance. The Resistance of RTD increases with rise in temperature.
Even Copper wire can be used, but you need to have a very thin and long wire to make usable measurements.
Resistance: Temperature Coefficient – Since the electrical resistance of a conductor such as a copper wire is dependent upon collisional proccesses within the wire, the resistance could be expected to increase with temperature since there will be more collisions
What are RTDs? – in the case of Platinum known variously as PRTs and PRT100s, are the most popular RTD type, nearly linear over a wide range of temperatures
What is a Resistance Temperature Detector (RTD)? – Most RTD elements consist of a length of fine coiled wire wrapped around a ceramic or glass core.
The material has a predictable change in resistance as the temperature changes; it is this predictable change that is used to determine temperature.
This is an answer of mine to an old post – 2006