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Resistance measurement with Current Source – DMM

U3 LF 356 is used as a constant current source (sink as the current is negative). R4, R5, R7 and R9 set the four resistance ranges by changing the constant current in decade steps. R2 is for calibration of resistance range. The A-B digital control of 4052 selects the range.

Resistance measurement – DMM Project

Let voltage current and resistance sockets be separate and of different color or use a high voltage electrical rotary switch or relays if you want the same sockets switched. D1, D2 and R8 are to ensure that the FET can be turned off, as the opamp swings from +/- 3.5V only, with some FET it needs to be tweaked.

Resistance measurement - DMM Project

When you keep the current constant, the voltage across a resistor is directly proportional to the Resistor Value. This can be scaled to gat a usable reading on a Digital Voltmeter.

Analog Buffer and Inverter Switching – DMM Project

Here the 4053 selects or routes the voltage, current or resistance measurements to the A-D converter or display. It is selected with the mode selection when you want to measure Volts, Amps, Ohms and AC-DC. Some have to be polarity inverted and some signals just buffered this is selected and done by this circuit according to the digital control.

Now U1 OP07 circuit is a Buffer unity gain and low offset, U2 circuit is unity gain but polarity of output is opposite of input. D1-D2-R3 form a AND gate to select diode-buzzer test mode. The digital selection of 4053 Analog-Switch does not produce any errors in the analog-switching of even mV signals. But it works best at +/- 7.5V dual supply pin-16 is +7.5V, pin- 8 is digital ground and pin 7 alone should go to -7.5.

Analog Buffer and Inverter Switching

Analog ground can be same as digital ground, or the switched signals must be within +/-5V of digital ground. The switches should not carry any current and should be buffered at the output by FET opamps 1-Tera-Ohm. Then alone measurements are ok, as the switches have ohmic resistance.