When i had put the near Obsolete digital circuits online in the late nineties. One person who works in a public institution in the usa, wanted a modification of one of my existing circuits. He had those parts the CD40 Series Logic Chips. He wanted to use only those that he had in his Stock.
I made some modifications and sent it to him, that helped him with his task. These things can be done very easily using the Arduino. One could make a programmable Arduino Timer/Counter with a matching Configuring Software without coding, for such people. Easy and Affordable.
Digital Circuits 2 from delabs
Circuit 1 – Digital Timer Clock With Preset using Thumbwheel switch.
A Thumbwheel Switch has to be used in place of DIP switch shown, just know that 1-2-4-8 nibble (4 bit) should be generated by Thumbwheel switch at preset or jam inputs of 4029.
Use CD4511 if 4513 is not available, but circuit has to be changed a bit around 4511
Circuit 2 – 1 Hz or 1 pps crystal clock using CD4060 and 32768 Hz Crystal.
They have not been tested much… The 4513 control pins 8-4-5-3 connections verify, as i did not get the datasheet.
The circuits will work as the concepts are right, but some tweaks in R C values may be required.
the R C values can only be corrected if you have problem in making it work.
The main problem in the R C values may be related to “the reset at 6 for the tens of seconds and the tens of minutes”.
This was a attempt to make a Sequential Timer with ICM7217 of Intersil, even though it worked well, it was not developed beyond the prototype stage or first iteration. Only when a product is made in some numbers, the documentation and designs become clear, streamlined and seasoned.
The PCB and Circuit are not complete. It may give ideas. During this time, as far as i can remember, these were the only large CMOS devices. 8080-85 and Z80 devices consumed lot of power and needed big boards and supplies.
ICM7217 4-Digit, Presettable, LED Up/Down Counter Maxim
Study this, if you are not good at firmware or you need a simple solution, this is still a versatile chip. It is better you make your own PCB. This board can be used for prototyping only.
Timer Circuit pdf
Clock Circuit pdf
The MM5369AA and 3.579545 MHz
I have converted from DOS Orcad to Windows, corrected some mistakes, use with care. Orcad on DOS had a very user friendly interface, it had a near windows like GUI on DOS, when windows did not even exist, It had right mouse button controls too.
This is a prototype of a Preset Counter. It is built with ICM7217. The cabinet is ABS Plastic DIN 96-96. The Panel is Engraved on Acrylic. I don’t remember for which application it was used. It has three thumbwheel settings, when the proximity switch counts upto the set-value, the corresponding relay turns ON, with a State Indicating LED on front panel.
These can be configured sequentially or to work synchronously, this depends on what customer wants. Both modes may give the same result. In sequential operation, Some of these counters-timers may need to wait for an external trigger or feedback from a limit switch or another process like pressure alarm. Then more Input options may have to be provided.
Counters, timers, analog-process and its interconnectivity makes up the various process loops or chain-reactions in Machine control. The various types of sensors for measurement and feedback of analog and event parameters, monitor the mechanical system and communicate the data to the process instruments. The Actuators like Drives, Solenoids, Pumps, Valves and Heaters act in accordance to the commands of the control system. This regulates and manages the process or machine to deliver consistent and repeatable yield of the end product.
Read More here – Digital Timers, Counters and Clocks
This was a Custom Built Product for Converting a 10-100 V Signal from a Motor Tacho to pulses, to indicate the distance moved by Conveyor belt with Job Material. The Digital Indicator would indicate the speed and the Mechanical Counter would Log Quantity of Materials Moved.
Process Control Instrumentation
It is called analog dial timer as it has no digital display, but the chip is digital it is CD4541. It is Mains operated, you could make on-delay or off-delay. By changing the caps and resistors or with even dip-switches you could get timing of few seconds to many hours. Circuit is Analog Timer 4541 .
Some timers energize the relay after a set delay on power start. Some start with relay energized and turn off after set time. Motors and big systems cannot take fast turn-on and turn-off, Some systems will require sections or modules to start one after another as they are interdependent. So Timers in automation were made to effect such delays, the early ones were mechanical clockwork.
The CD4541BC Programmable Timer is designed with a 16-stage binary counter, an integrated oscillator for use with an external capacitor and two resistors, output control logic, and a special power-on reset circuit. The special features of the power-on reset circuit are first, no additional static power consumption and second, the part functions across the full voltage range (3V¨C15V) whether power-on reset is enabled or disabled.
- Available division ratios 28, 210, 213, or 216.
- Increments on positive edge clock transitions.
- Built-in low power RC oscillator.
- Oscillator frequency range . DC to 100 kHz.
- Power on Auto reset initializes all counters.
This was built in a 96 X 96 Cabinet. It takes the process thru three timer delays and the pressure is measured after a certain stage and at a setpoint the process, job or DUT passes or Fails. It could be stress, strain or load testing on object.
User Manual – Sequential Timer – Pressure Switch