1 Hz or 1 PPS Crystal Clock Base

The CD4020BC, CD4060BC are 14-stage ripple carry binary counters, and the CD4040BC is a 12-stage ripple carry binary counter. The counters are advanced one count on the negative transition of each clock pulse. The counters are reset to the zero state by a logical “1” at the reset input independent of clock.

CD4040BC, 12-Stage Ripple Carry Binary Counters
CD4060BC, 14-Stage Ripple Carry Binary Counters

1 Hz or 1 PPS Crystal Clock Base

CD4060 – 14-Stage Ripple Carry Binary Counters

you can also use a crystal between pin 10 and 11 with two caps 22pF from 10, 11 to gnd and a 10M resistor between 10 and 11 in place of R C network for more precision.

Crystal Oscillator – Parallel Resonant

74HCU04 is a chip that was made for this purpose, HCT may not work for such a circuit. C1 and C2 can go to upto 33pF and R2 can be increased to make R2 * C2 = t.

Crystal Oscillator - Parallel Resonant

 

Time constant much less than the period T of the crystal T = 1/F . This is to remove higher frequency components in the Oscillator.

More on Piezoelectric Crystal Oscillator

The circuit above is a parallel resonant oscillator circuit. The Crystal works by the piezoelectric principle, piezo means pressure. The electric field causes the impedance of the crystal to change. The LP Record Player needle is the reverse of this, the bumps on the spiral groove of the record applies pressure to needle which generates electricity. Both are piezo-electric effects.

Multiplexed Presettable Timer with ICM7217

This was a attempt to make a Sequential Timer with ICM7217 of Intersil, even though it worked well, it was not developed beyond the prototype stage or first iteration. Only when a product is made in some numbers, the documentation and designs become clear, streamlined and seasoned.

Timer Circuit

The PCB and Circuit are not complete. It may give ideas. During this time, as far as i can remember, these were the only large CMOS devices. 8080-85 and Z80 devices consumed lot of power and needed big boards and supplies.

ICM7217 4-Digit, Presettable, LED Up/Down Counter Maxim

7217 Timer Counter

Study this, if you are not good at firmware or you need a simple solution, this is still a versatile chip. It is better you make your own PCB. This board can be used for prototyping only.

Timer Circuit pdf

Clock Circuit pdf

The MM5369AA and 3.579545 MHz

I have converted from DOS Orcad to Windows, corrected some mistakes, use with care. Orcad on DOS had a very user friendly interface, it had a near windows like GUI on DOS, when windows did not even exist, It had right mouse button controls too.

Printer Port Logic Analyzer

This is a Test Circuit for Logic Analyzer software, with the Simple port circuit. The VB Logic Analyzer works, but is just an example program to test and learn.

Printer Port Logic Analyzer

The speed at which the logic state changes say like 10 M Hz while probing even a PIC or 89C51, is too fast for this circuit. For that, the incoming data has to be spooled or stored in RAM at real time, by the external Hardware itself.

Test Circuit for Logic Analyzer software – del20006

As this is a Parallel Port Interface, an Embedded High Speed Digital RAM Storage of Multiple Logic input Channels with Signal Conditioning in the front end, could do the job. This is the minimum, if you want to program the rest of the instrument on Computer Software. Here is one you can see from Bitscope using USB or Ethernet.