This circuit gives a burst of pulses to fire 2 SCRs, when pin 4 is taken to 12V the SCR is turned on, to use this circuit you need 12V short pulses phase shifted with respect to AC sine wave on bridge, like this you can control the bridge from near 0% to near 100% ON.
Drive or Fire Thyristors SCR with Pulses
Learn about Thyristors here Power Electronics
That way battery banks can be charged, electroplating can be done, current and voltage can be controlled with opamps, thyristors are very rugged compared to transistors and MOSFETS in that order.
This is a very simple -5V supply using one 555, useful for analog blocks using FET Opamps using low power. This circuit came up when i had to design limited by inventory. It worked well for its need. It converts Positive Five Volts to Negative Five Volts to create a dual supply.
This +5 to -5 using a 555 Astable Multivibrator.is not a high efficiency design, in fact it cannot take a heavy load. Circuits having some CMOS Opamps and a A/D convertor is ok. Even very small battery designs must avoid this circuit.
Home Made Circuits
This suits well when you want to power an analog amp which has to measure voltages which swing on either sides of zero. It can be used in a LCD based portable measuring instrument running on a rechargeable 9V battery.
Powering a strain gauge amp may be one use, another may be like a RTD temperature meter for -50 to +150 deg C.
You must have read all the circuits and explanation on the other pages at delabs to understand this, as i cannot repeat the same thing as i have done it more than once already.
The circuit is a 555 monostable, The push-switch is to trigger and generate a reset pulse for uC. The diode is for OR’ ing later. The High will go thru the diode but the Low of 555 cannot drink any current as diode blocks.
The bottom part of the Circuit is the CD4093 Schmitt nand based flipflop. See more at 555 Timer based Circuits
What is the Schmitt then ?, It is better to visit the links below to learn. It can make a sine or triangle or any shape waveform to square. It can help square a very messy waveform.
Two nand gates are connected to form a flip-flop toggle switch. When 555 gives out a pulse, the pulse is delayed by a R-C which results in a ramp, the third nand-Schmitt gives out delayed low trigger to toggle nand-flipflop-switch. The Nand-toggle-switch is rest at any time with the lower pushbutton. The fourth nand output gate is not really required. But the 4093 is quad nand, so unused nand inputs should not float , pull-up or pull-down. So it has just been added in circuit so that he can fit some role, or else he will be bored.
Now you can figure out how such blocks can be used like Lego blocks in your own amazing designs.