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Product Design – Industrial Automation and Instrumentation. –

Analog and Digital Voltmeter using ICL7107

This Circuit  is a DPM or digital panel meter. It has a analog bar graph display and a 3-1/2 digit digital display. ICL7107 is used in the 200mV configuration.

U4A opamp LF353 amplifies the 200mV Full scale input to the level required for the LM3914 display circuit. D13-D14 are clamping protection diodes. Adjust P1 trimpot for a reading of 1000 counts when a 100.0 mV signal is fed at Vin. Adjust R8 trimpot to get the 5th led  to just turn on at 100mV input.

Analog and Digital Voltmeter using ICL7107

A combination of digital and analog display is helpful for quick decision making. Analog indicates even from a distance the process dimension.

Human Brain understands analog better. The digital is required to note down and record values for determining a setpoint or performance of a system.

Sometimes a analog recorder with a ink-pen plot against time is a very good way of process analysis. Many systems are better studied using graphs not tables and lists of numbers. A Computer based data-logger gives greater power to this methods. You can measure and plot graphs of various types and at different points and for much longer periods.

This is a part of my Build a DMM or Digital Multi Meter

VCO – Voltage Controlled Oscillator using Opamps

This is a Voltage to pulse converter using opamps for measuring speed or rate from a Tacho Motor mechanical coupled to a Conveyor System.

See the complete circuit in my site to study other sections. The motor DC out is filtered and scaled. Then the clean safe dc is fed to this VCO based on a generic application note design.

The pulses can be used to advance digital counter or mechanical counter using a solenoid driver transistor circuit. The Voltage Vin can be further scaled and fed to a Digital Panel meter to read the rate. VCO - Voltage Controlled Oscillator using Opamps

 

VCO – Voltage Controlled Oscillator using Opamps. LM339 is a quad  Comparator.

 The complete PDF circuit and other such circuits at my Mixed Circuits Analog with Digital

LM317 based Regulated Power Supply

This is a Regulated Power Supply based on the LM317 IC. It will need a Boost Power Transistor and heatsink for higher currents. It is a versatile building block for stable instrumentation supplies. Consumer Electronic gadgets can use a SMPS chip. In case you wish to use a SMPS for a Precision Instrumentation Block, then take extreme care on Shielding and EMI-RFI.

LM317 based Regulated Power Supply

This is a General Purpose Chip, Series Regulation. It can be varied or trimmed. There is an Internal temperature compensated reference. The minimum trim value is around 1.2. In case you want a Low value voltage like 0.5 with a good current, then use a good negative supply to offset the 1.2 V.

The transformer can be s Split Bobbin with Pri-Sec copper shield foil. This can be earthed along with the metal enclosure. C4 sends any hi-freq components to earth. It is better if you do not earth the ground but use such capacitors. A Supply should simulate a a battery with both ends floating wrt Earth. A option to eartth the ground is fine. This also helps the user to configure his own dual supplies.

Q1 and R5 form a Short Circuit OR current fold back OR constant current mechanism. TP1 can be used to vary the output voltage. Better use something like a Bourns 10T trimpot. An open preset may introduce a noise due to dust and vibration. I don’t remember why i added a zener DZ1, a diode may suffice.

PDF file is here – LM317 – Variable Power Supply